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Question 1 of 200
One of your team leaders has approached you upset because he has asked a subcontractor several times to do a piece of work but their foreman has ignored him every time. Now his portion of the project is falling behind schedule with potential cost overruns as a result. You determine the subcontractor was hired by a general contractor that was hired by your organization. What would be your best response?CorrectIncorrect
You should direct your attention to the general contractor, with whom you are in privity of contract (which means you have a contract in force with it). Because you are not in privity with the subcontractor, you should not make demands of it directly.
Question 2 of 200
During planning, you receive an estimate from your team that took longer to finalize but has the level of detail that would allow the sponsor to make an informed decision. The team apologizes for the delay but they had some challenges getting estimates from several of the subcontractors. Which method of estimating did the team most likely use?CorrectIncorrect
Bottom Up estimating involves a complete re-evaluation of each level of the WBS to accurately produce a detailed estimate. The main characteristics are a more accurate estimate, but it takes longer to gather the information due to the effort involved.
Question 3 of 200
Which of the following best describes the logical breakdown of what needs to be done to create the project deliverables and outlines the performing organizations methodology for projects?CorrectIncorrect
The project life cycle is defined as the logical breakdown of what needs to be done from start to finish in order to produce the project deliverables and is often referred to as a performing organizations methodology for projects.
Question 4 of 200
Which of the following is the project manager not responsible for?CorrectIncorrect
The project manager is responsible for predicting materials, equipment and work required for a project which is determined during planning. Project performance metrics should be a pre-defined requirement determined by the stakeholders and should fall within a specific set of parameters.
Question 5 of 200
Your change control board (CCB) has just approved a major change request. What should you do next?CorrectIncorrect
The first thing you should do after a change request is approved is update the project documents. Once the documents are updated, then you can inform the stakeholders in the Manage Stakeholder Engagement process. Only then can you direct and manage the project based on the approved change. Answer A is clearly wrong, because you always analyze the impact of a change prior to submitting a change request.
Question 6 of 200
All of the following are examples of Organizational Process Assets (OPA) except for which one?CorrectIncorrect
Organization Process Assets are organization specific documents used to assist the project manager throughout the project life cycle. Answer B describes enterprise environmental factors which are non-tangible and affect multiple organizations simultaneously.
Question 7 of 200
Procurement contracts should be administered by which of the following parties?CorrectIncorrect
Both the buyer and seller should administer the contract to make certain that the obligations of the contract are being met by both parties.
Question 8 of 200
Which of the following best defines high quality?CorrectIncorrect
The definition of high quality is a product that meets the agreed upon quality requirements, specifications or standards as defined by the quality metrics which are part of the acceptance criteria defined within the project scope statement. Choices A, B and D are incorrect because they can all be true but if the testing and/or inspections were not performed correctly, then the product can pass with zero defects and still not meet the quality metrics necessary for final acceptance.
Question 9 of 200
You are the project manager on a software application project and have chosen a project lifecycle in which the scope, schedule and costs are determined at an early stage prior to starting work to produce the deliverables. This type of project lifecycle is best described as which of the following?CorrectIncorrect
The plan driven life cycle (a.k.a. predictive or waterfall) involves the detailed planning of the three baselines to include scope, schedule and cost in advance following a defined sequential order during project execution. This allows the project manager to predict what step comes next based on where they presently are.
Question 10 of 200
You just got hired as a project manager network infrastructure project. What type of power can you use to gain the cooperation of others?CorrectIncorrect
Reward and Expert are the most effective forms of power. Since you just hired, people may not know that you are an expert. Formal power is the only logical answer as the reward or expert power is not the option here.
Question 11 of 200
All the following statements about communication are accurate except for which one?CorrectIncorrect
Briefings held for project stakeholders should be done in a formal manner, whether via a formal written report or a formal verbal presentation as they are designed to distribute information.
Question 12 of 200
You managing a project with a fixed price procurement contract and have spent $100,000 so far out of a budget of $100,000. You team estimates there is still another $15,000 of work to complete the project. Because of this, your contractor will now have to pay all remaining costs to complete the project, without any further contribution from you, the buyer. Which of the following best describes this situation?CorrectIncorrect
This is the book definition of point of total assumption. Note that Answer A has not occurred yet and we are the buyer, not the seller and there is not enough information to determine if answers B or D are true.
Question 13 of 200
You are managing a group of interrelated projects to develop and test a new aircraft system. Which of the following best describes your role?CorrectIncorrect
Projects built components (airframe, engine, avionics). Programs assemble components into systems and in this capacity you are acting as Program Manager.
Question 14 of 200
You are overseeing a critical construction project to build a 45 floor hotel. Your team, which is a subset of the project team, is responsible for project leadership and management activities of this project. All of the following are true about your team except?CorrectIncorrect
The question is describing the project management team. The sponsor or customer is the individual responsible for funding the project, not the project management team.
Question 15 of 200
You are managing a project that is running behind schedule. You change the relationship of several sequentially scheduled activities using soft logic in order to complete the project within the deadline. This is an example of which of the following?CorrectIncorrect
Fast-tracking is when you take activities or project phases that would otherwise be done sequentially and do them in parallel. This accelerates delivery of the project however it will also increase risk. Crashing is when you add extra resources to critical path activities. Adjusting leads or lags does not alter the relationship of activities, but applies a delay or head-start to activities. Resource leveling is the process of smoothing out resource utilization to avoid spikes in resource demand.
Question 16 of 200
When should you identify the stakeholders?CorrectIncorrect
Technically, all of the answers are correct. Remember to choose the more inclusive answer when faced with this type of situation and answer D is the only one that implies this process is performed on multiple occasions. The other choices only imply it is performed once during the project.
Question 17 of 200
A review of the deliverables and their related work are performed at the end of each phase in order to best determine which of the following?CorrectIncorrect
At the conclusion of each project phase, the project management team will need to determine if acceptable conditions exist to support or terminate the project. Risk reports, cost and schedule performance and quality reports can all be used for this purpose, but the primary purpose is to establish phase gates and/or kill points.
Question 18 of 200
You are a project manager overseeing the development of a new video game. Since many of the details are still unknown, you decide to develop the game in incremental steps by continually updating, reviewing and testing assumptions, schedule constraints, cost estimates and past decisions over time as more information becomes available. Which of the following best describes the technique that you are using?CorrectIncorrect
Progressive elaboration is the iterative approach of increasing the level of detail in the plan as greater amounts of information or more accurate estimates become available over time.
Question 19 of 200
The communications management plan is:CorrectIncorrect
The stakeholders’ needs and expectations are identified, analyzed and documented in the communications management plan, which is a subsidiary of the project management plan.
Question 20 of 200
You are managing a construction project with an SPI of 1.04 and are about 60% complete when a new stakeholder is identified. It turns out the stakeholder will be highly impacted by any delays to the project and resulting cost overruns. You have a tight deadline and the requirements are already firmly set. What should you do next?CorrectIncorrect
The correct action would be to meet with the stakeholder and document their requirements to see if they have already been taken into consideration. You might get lucky or if time permits and a change is approved, may still be able to incorporate them into the project without any delays. Answer choice B is incorrect because they are already aware of the project or how else would you know about their concerns over costs and delays. Note: the project could have been 75% complete and the answer wouldn’t change under the same circumstances.
Question 21 of 200
All the following are true regarding the project life cycle except:CorrectIncorrect
Stakeholder influence, risk and uncertainty are highest at the beginning of the project and diminish over time as a project plan is successfully executed. However, the cost of changes increases over time.
Question 22 of 200
Which of the following is a generally accepted characteristic of operations?CorrectIncorrect
By definition “A project is a temporary endeavor used to create a unique product service or result.” Operations on the other hand, are ongoing with no defined end date and repetitively produce the same product, service or result.
Question 23 of 200
What are the inputs to the Define Activities process?CorrectIncorrect
The inputs to Define Activities are Schedule Management Plan, Scope Baseline (Scope Statement, WBS, WBS Dictionary), Enterprise Environmental Factors, and Organizational Process Assets.
Question 24 of 200
You are managing a network upgrade project and your team is now performing the work. You only have one team member capable of performing the required software testing, and they are being temporarily diverted from your project to another. You have therefore adjusted the schedule so that all testing will be done at once, when they return, rather than at scheduled intervals as previously planned. What technique have you used?CorrectIncorrect
Resource Leveling is used where critical resources are over-allocated or time limited. By adjusting activity start and finish around the availability of the resource we will get full utilization but the schedule can slip and cause the critical path to change.
Question 25 of 200
You were asked by management to identify the root cause behind a project not performing well in your organization. You find out that the project manager is not communicating with the team members and often places one of his team members in charge for days at a time. The project manager also allows the team members to work with little oversight and only gets involved with them if requested. This style of management is generally considered to be:CorrectIncorrect
A manager with a “hands-off attitude toward the project is considered “Laissez-Faire.” With this style, management is not directly involved but manages and consults as required. This management style requires a cohesive team operating at the performing stage to be effective.
Question 26 of 200
Inventory costs are going up as a result of not following the proper quality procedures, thus causing the project manager to worry about the cost of non-conformance. What is the best advice you can give the project manager?CorrectIncorrect
Quality audits are structured independent reviews to determine whether project activities comply with operational and project policies, processes, and procedures. While answers A and C are true, answer C is the only proactive solution as the audit would identify the root cause of the increased inventory costs, thus preventing the need for rework or scrap in the first place.
Question 27 of 200
You are managing a project developing a new medical device and as the work is commencing, a new regulation is issued by the FDA, effective immediately, which requires additional testing to be performed prior to receiving their approval. What should you do next?CorrectIncorrect
Regulations are mandatory so the work which is affected by the new regulation needs to stop temporarily. You will need to issue a change request and follow change control procedures to implement the new change which may involve baseline modifications. Areas of the project unaffected by the regulation (marketing, research etc.) should continue their work as planned to minimize further delays and additional costs.
Question 28 of 200
You have 15 team members on your project team. One of your team members is not performing well as he is missing general job skills. Training of team members in general job skills is the responsibility of whom?CorrectIncorrect
While the project manager is responsible for training team members in specific job skills, the functional manager is responsible for training in general job skills.
Question 29 of 200
Unfortunately, risk analysis was not performed regularly by the previous team of a project you were just assigned to lead. As you are performing the project work, you and your team are reviewing all potential risk events, and analyzing their current probability and impact. Which of the following best describes the technique being used?CorrectIncorrect
Risk re-assessment involves performing an audit to review the various risk events to determine whether their probability or impact has changed over time. The other techniques are used during planning to identify risks and their impacts in terms of time, cost and risk probability since your initial assessment. This audit is an important technique of monitor risks, and should be performed regularly throughout the project.
Question 30 of 200
You are managing a project that will move your company’s headquarters to Atlanta. During planning, the biggest risk your team has identified is losing confidential customer records during the move. Unfortunately, all of these records are in the form of paper documents which are heavy and difficult to move. To address these risks, your team creates a backup database of all the customer’s records and hires a moving company to pack and ship the documents. Which risk response strategies are they using?CorrectIncorrect
Creating a backup database of the customer’s records is an example of mitigation which minimizes the impact of losing the records. Hiring professional movers is an example of transferring the risk of loss to a third party by using a contract.
Question 31 of 200
Annika is transformational, consultative, innovative and is willing to take risks but Mia is dictatorial, authoritative, administrative and likes to control risks. Which of the following statements is true?CorrectIncorrect
A leader’s styles are transformational, consultative, participative, and innovative whereas a manager’s styles are dictatorial, authoritative, transactional, autocratic, consultative, democratic, and administrative. A leader takes risks but a manager likes to control risks.
Question 32 of 200
In which process would the project scope be decomposed and assigned identification codes?CorrectIncorrect
This is where the scope statement is decomposed into work packages, and where the work packages are
assigned unique identification codes to help track time and costs incurred.
Question 33 of 200
Which of the following processes falls under Project Integration Management?CorrectIncorrect
Identify Stakeholders is one of the processes in Integration Management. Note that there are Integration Management processes in each of the 5 process groups. There is no Determine Charter process. Be careful on the exam for made up terms which are usually the sign of a false answer choice.
Question 34 of 200
You are managing a project to construct a new baseball stadium. You will need to hire out much of the work to other companies because its scale, and also because other companies can perform much of the work more efficiently than your team can. You want to reach out to as many contractors as possible in order to obtain the most competitive bids. Which of the following techniques would be least helpful in accomplishing this?CorrectIncorrect
Answers A-C are techniques of Conduct Procurements. Procurement Performance Reviews are used during Control Procurements, which occurs after the contract (agreement) has been awarded to ensure the seller is performing as expected.
Question 35 of 200
All of the following statements are true regarding the Initiating Process Group except for which one?CorrectIncorrect
The project team members are typically identified during execution as this is when they are needed to perform the work. Project managers are typically identified during initiation or planning as they are part of the project management team.
Question 36 of 200
Which of the following is critical for project management plan development?CorrectIncorrect
An understanding of the stakeholder knowledge and skills is essential for appropriate application in creating the project management plan. This helps ensure that stakeholder and project objectives will be met.
Question 37 of 200
What should a finished project management plan include?CorrectIncorrect
The project management plan integrates and consolidates all of the subsidiary management plans and baselines from the planning processes. While the remaining answer choices are partially correct, answer choice D includes the other three. Note the answers A and B are missing the scope baseline (Scope statement, WBS and WBS dictionary) and choice C is missing both the scope and schedule baselines.
Question 38 of 200
You are the project manager of a construction project that is under a CPIF contract. You are reviewing the following data: BAC = 400,000, EAC = 375,000, AC =250,000, EV = 275,000 and PV = 275,000. Which of the following statements is true?CorrectIncorrect
The contract is a Cost Plus Incentive Fee and the EAC is $25,000 less than the BAC indicating the project should finish under budget, so A is the correct answer because it allows for the savings to be shared based on cost performance.
Question 39 of 200
Approved change requests will be inputs to which process group?CorrectIncorrect
Approved change requests from the Perform Integrated Change Control process are an input to the Direct and Manage Project Work process for implementation in the Executing Process Group.
Question 40 of 200
You are in the executing phase of a large software implementation project and one of your lead developers has noticed that the product could be greatly improved by making a small change to some of the configuration items. The developer thinks that this would have a minimal impact to the timeline but would improve the client’s experience of this product. What should you do first?CorrectIncorrect
The remaining answers will result in gold plating which is a form of scope creep and should be avoided.
However, if the sponsor or change control board is willing to approve the change request then the project manager can execute the change making answers C and D incorrect.
Question 41 of 200
Your sponsor decided to terminate the project due to persistent cost and schedule overruns. What should you do next?CorrectIncorrect
The project was terminated, so the next step is to formally close out the project. This includes stopping all work, obtaining stakeholder feedback, gathering lessons learned, generating a final report, archiving records, closing out procurement contracts and releasing the team.
Question 42 of 200
You have just been selected as project manager for a new software project operating on a very tight schedule. Previous projects for this customer experienced schedule delays and cost overruns due to their complexity so there is tremendous pressure to meet expectations on this new project. What should you do first?CorrectIncorrect
A project is not authorized until the Project Charter has been created, so no other activities should be started until it has been approved. As project manager, you first need to determine your level of authority before making any project related decisions and this will be identified within the Project Charter.
Question 43 of 200
As project manager, you are implementing a major network upgrade for your company, and the critical software items have been developed and tested by the team. However, the stakeholders became dissatisfied due to the schedule and cost overruns with a key hardware supplier and you’ve just been informed that the project has been canceled and all funding terminated. Under these circumstances what should you do next?CorrectIncorrect
A project enters closure when it ends or is prematurely terminated before completion of all deliverables. The project manager should initiate project closure to document lessons learned, update records, create archives and then release resources.
Question 44 of 200
Placing your team in one office is an example of which of the following?CorrectIncorrect
Co-location is the practice of locating all team members in a central location which helps improve communications and team interaction.
Question 45 of 200
What is the name of PMI’s organization maturity model for project management?CorrectIncorrect
OPM3 (Organizational Project Maturity Model 3rd Edition) is PMI’s model used to determine an organizations ability to deliver the desired outcomes in a reliable, controllable and predictable manner.
Question 46 of 200
You are looking at ways of reducing costs on your project before they begin to spiral out of control. Which costs will you have the greatest ability to control?CorrectIncorrect
This is a variable cost to the project and the project manager can decide to bring in fewer consultants or reduce the hours they work. Costs incurred to bring the project to its current state are sunk costs and leasing costs are fixed costs. Neither should be considered.
Question 47 of 200
Which of the following is an input to the Develop Project Charter process?CorrectIncorrect
The business case describes the project purpose and reason for existing and the sponsor is responsible for its development and maintenance.
Question 48 of 200
Which of the following best describes the “application of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques to project activities to meet the project requirements”?CorrectIncorrect
The PMBOK® defines project management as follows: “Project management is the application of knowledge skills tools and techniques to project activities to meet the project requirements.
Question 49 of 200
Which of the following techniques would be useful for validating proposal prices to ensure accuracy of the SOW and sellers’ understanding of the requirements?CorrectIncorrect
The buyer organization may develop independent estimates on its own or have one prepared by a neutral third party to check correct pricing levels of the proposals.
Question 50 of 200
Which input is not used to Identify Risks?CorrectIncorrect
The project charter is not an input to the Identify Risks process, the remaining answer choices are.
Question 51 of 200
Portfolio management which involves managing a group of projects or programs to achieve specific business goals is best defined as:CorrectIncorrect
Portfolio management involves identifying, prioritizing, managing and controlling the collection of projects, programs and the specific work necessary to achieve strategic business objectives and unlike program management, none of the projects or programs contained within the portfolio need to be directly related.
Question 52 of 200
The cost of safety training best falls under which category of costs?CorrectIncorrect
Safety training is an example of a prevention cost that falls under the cost of conformance. While answers A, B and C are also correct, answer D is the lowest level answer and therefore the BEST choice.
Question 53 of 200
All of the following are part of a project management plan except which one?CorrectIncorrect
The project management plan would include all subsidiary management plans, the cost baseline and stakeholder register. While the PMBOK® may be used as a reference source to generate the project management plan, it is not part of it.
Question 54 of 200
Which of the following best describes the framework guidance necessary to keep the entire organization focused on prioritizing, managing, executing and measuring performance in order to obtain a competitive advantage?CorrectIncorrect
Organizational Project Management (OPM) is the guidance framework used to keep the entire organization focused on its overall strategy and provides the guidance necessary on how to prioritize, manage, execute and measure work performance in order to maintain a competitive advantage. PMI’s version is published as OPM3 and is comprised of 3 interlocking elements: Knowledge, Assessment and Improvement.
Question 55 of 200
During project execution, the project schedule takes on a negative variance. Which formula would the project manager likely to use to determine this difference?CorrectIncorrect
Schedule Variance (SV) = EV – PV. If SV is negative, then the project is behind schedule. If it positive, then the project is ahead of schedule
Question 56 of 200
You are half way through managing a 2 year project. The project is ahead of schedule when one of the functional managers tells you the resources committed to the project are no longer available. After checking further, you discover the company has another project that just started and is using the resources committed to your project. What is the best course of action in this situation?CorrectIncorrect
You should always try to resolve conflicts internally and should use negotiating skills to try to come to a mutually beneficial agreement.
Question 57 of 200
You are the project manager in a project oriented organizational structure and the project you are managing is in the closing phase. Your team has just closed out the remaining contracts and you are now in the process of releasing project resources. All of the following are true statements related to releasing project resources except for which one?CorrectIncorrect
Transferring the documented lessons learned into the archives should have been performed prior to releasing project resources which is the last step in the closing process.
Question 58 of 200
You have recently taken over as the project manager for a project is about to begin the executing phase. During the kick off meeting you discover that key stakeholders do not fully understand the project scope even though the scope baseline has already been approved. Since their continuous support is critical for the success of the project, what should you do next?CorrectIncorrect
Conduct one-to-one meeting sessions with these key stakeholders to ensure that they understand the project scope.
Question 59 of 200
Your team is in the process of conducting procurements and found that there were significant differences in the quotes received from the various approved sellers. What should you do next?CorrectIncorrect
Investigating whether the project statement of work is definitive and complete could be the root cause of the significant differences between the sellers quotes.
Question 60 of 200
You have been assigned as the project manager for an internal ERP software project. You are currently in the process of communicating with stakeholders and addressing their issues, expectations and requirements. Which of the following documents would assist you in this effort?CorrectIncorrect
The stakeholder management plan, communications management plan, and the change log are input documents to Manage Stakeholder Engagement. Audits, communication methods and stakeholder analysis are not documents, they are tools and techniques.
Question 61 of 200
During the last monthly stakeholder update meeting, the stakeholders requested you provide progress updates weekly instead of monthly. The communication management plan has been broadly framed and it doesn’t restrict you from doing weekly updates even if it pulls team members off critical tasks causing potential delays. What should you do next?CorrectIncorrect
Start providing updates weekly instead of monthly to ensure that the stakeholder’s communications requirements are being met.
Question 62 of 200
You are performing risk analysis for your project and decide to do sensitivity analysis to determine which risks have the most potential impact on the project. You look at different techniques to help compare the relative importance of project variables that have a high degree of uncertainty to those that have a high probability. Which tool would you use?CorrectIncorrect
Tornado Diagrams which resemble an upside down wedding cake are used to display the results of performing sensitivity analysis.
Question 63 of 200
Which of the following is not included in the WBS dictionary?CorrectIncorrect
Assigned resources are documented within organizational charts, RACI charts, project team assignment documentation, not the WBS dictionary.
Question 64 of 200
Beginning a successor activity 4 days before its predecessor activity is complete in a Finish to Start relationship best describes which of the following?CorrectIncorrect
Beginning a successor activity before its predecessor activity completes is an example of a lead.
Question 65 of 200
You are the project manager working for an international accounting firm with a global team. As part of your weekly reporting, you are required to update team member performance to their functional managers. Under these conditions, which of the following organization types can this not be?CorrectIncorrect
In a project oriented organization, the project managers authority is at its highest and they do not share responsibilities with functional managers.
Question 66 of 200
Which of the following items needs to be considered when relying on risk identification checklists?CorrectIncorrect
Checklists are designed to minimize human factors that cause defects by eliminating bias, and improving accuracy. However, they cannot take into consideration every possible scenario and therefore may not be comprehensive enough.
Question 67 of 200
You are performing an inspection with the customer to determine if the work satisfies the requirements and product acceptance criteria. What is the objective of this process?CorrectIncorrect
The question is describing the Validate Scope process. Inspections are a tool and technique that can be used to secure formal acceptance of the project’s deliverables.
Question 68 of 200
You have been offered a promotion managing a high profile project that will last 1 year provided you complete the assignment. However, you know that in 8 months you intend to retire and relocate to another state. What should you do?CorrectIncorrect
Disclose your relocation plans to the hiring manager.
Question 69 of 200
All of the following are true concerning quality and grade except:CorrectIncorrect
Grade relates to the customer requirements
Question 70 of 200
Precision does not guarantee accuracy and accuracy does not guarantee precision. Which of the following statements about the precision and accuracy are true?CorrectIncorrect
Precision means the values of repeated measurements are clustered (grouped together) and accuracy means the measured value is close to the true value (in the bullseye).
Question 71 of 200
Which of the following is a hierarchical representation of the project organization that illustrates the relationship between project activities and the organizational units that will perform those activities?CorrectIncorrect
This is the textbook definition of the Organizational Breakdown Structure (OBS).
Question 72 of 200
You are currently assessing project stakeholders influences, interests, expectations, risk tolerance and engagement levels. This describes which of the following tools and techniques?CorrectIncorrect
Stakeholder analysis is the technique of analyzing stakeholder information to determine whose interests should be taken into account throughout the project.
Question 73 of 200
A company you previously worked for is bidding on a procurement contract your new company will be awarding in approximately 3 weeks. You have been selected to manage the project, and will be participating in the vendor selection processes. What should you do?CorrectIncorrect
Since there are no incentives involved, the best option would be to notify the project stakeholders of your status as a former employee and let them decide on how you participate in the vendor selection process.
Question 74 of 200
You have been asked by your sponsor to create a chart that illustrates the project resources that will be working on each activity in a work package. What type of chart would you use?CorrectIncorrect
A RACI chart identifies who is Responsible, Accountable, and who we Consult and Inform for each activity in a work package.
Question 75 of 200
Project performance measurements are used to assess the magnitude of variation from the original scope baseline. Once this variance is calculated, what step would you perform next?CorrectIncorrect
The first step in problem solving is to identify the root of the variance relative to the scope baseline in order to identify potential solutions.
Question 76 of 200
You are the project manager involved in a new project to create an internal web site for employees that will allow them to view scheduled events within the company. All of the following would be considered project constraints except for which one?CorrectIncorrect
Placing the navigation menu for the website on page 1 is a product requirement (feature) and not a constraint.
Question 77 of 200
Quantitative risk analysis should be performed:CorrectIncorrect
Quantitative risk analysis is used to set contingency reserves after they have been prioritized first in qualitative risk analysis. Low probability and impact risks are listed on the watch list which is separate from the risk register.
Question 78 of 200
A project team member is repeatedly completing tasks with errors, resulting in rework and delays. Upon investigation of the team members past performance, it is determined that the individual possesses the necessary skills and qualifications to fulfill their role and responsibilities. What should the project manager do next?CorrectIncorrect
The cause of non-compliance to expected performance levels needs to be established before any other action is taken. The situation requires the project manager to investigate and establish the cause of the problem before evaluating the alternatives stated in the other three choices.
Question 79 of 200
You are conducting a meeting with your team to identify potential project risks. What tool or technique would you use to prioritize these risks on the risk register?CorrectIncorrect
The probability and impact matrix is a multiplication table that assigns a risk score based upon the probability and impact of the risk occurring.
Question 80 of 200
Which of the Project Schedule Management processes involves identifying and documenting dependencies and relationships between schedule activities?CorrectIncorrect
The Sequence Activities process involves putting the activities in their correct order and determining the amount of control the project management team will have over them.
Question 81 of 200
The paint used on your deliverables is fading within a year resulting in a high number of warranty claims. What would be the best tool for your team to use to find potential causes of the fading paint?CorrectIncorrect
Ishikawa Diagrams are used to identify the root cause of defects.
Question 82 of 200
A project to design and build a new helicopter is cancelled during flight testing when it is determined that the aircraft performance objectives cannot be met. What process would you use in this situation to document what work was done, and to what extent it was completed?CorrectIncorrect
A key output of the Close Project or Phase process is the final report which would include the amount and extent of the work completed.
Question 83 of 200
You have completed your duration estimates for your project and determined that it will take 12 months to complete. However, your project sponsor insists that it be completed in 8 months. What should you do next?CorrectIncorrect
Informing the sponsor that you will need to evaluate project options before committing to that timeline is the best option for maintaining stakeholder buy in.
Question 84 of 200
The number of communication channels depends on the number of team members assigned to the project. If ten team members are released from a team of 30, how many communication channels remain in the project?CorrectIncorrect
The formula for calculating the number of communication channels is: n(n-1)/2 which in this case equals 190 or: 30-10 = 20. 20(19) = 380/2 = 190 channels.
Question 85 of 200
Your quality control team is currently inspecting the deliverables and recording the number of defects found. These details are referred to as which of the following?CorrectIncorrect
Work performance data is raw information such as EV, AC, number of defects etc. This data must be analyzed and put into context before it becomes work performance information which can then be used to make project decisions.
Question 86 of 200
You and your project team are in the process of closing out a project, have received payment for the validated deliverables which have now transitioned into operations and all procurements have been finalized and closed out. What should you be focused on creating next?CorrectIncorrect
Organizational Process Assets Updates (which includes the archiving of records) are an output of the Close Project or Phase process. The other outputs are project document updates, final product, service or result transition and final report.
Question 87 of 200
A project includes a sub-contract for a section of the project scope being performed on a cost-reimbursable basis. Which of the following is the project manager most concerned about while monitoring contract performance?CorrectIncorrect
A cost-reimbursable contract involves actual costs being reimbursed by the buyer since the seller has no cost risk and is not necessarily concerned about cost performance. Therefore, the buyer needs to drive the productivity by closely monitoring the costs and the progress towards completion.
Question 88 of 200
You just learned that your company won a major new contract that will begin in three months and is valued at $125,000,000. You are managing an existing project that is scheduled to close in 7 months and resources are tight. What should you do first?CorrectIncorrect
You need to determine how the new project will affect yours first before deciding on the other options.
Question 89 of 200
Your management decided to terminate the project due to persistent cost overruns and schedule delays. You just provided a seller formal written notice that the contract is closed. What should you do next?CorrectIncorrect
The project was terminated and procurements have been closed out, so the next step is to release the project team.
Question 90 of 200
Your quality control team has discovered a problem during testing and finding a solution is proving difficult. They have unsuccessfully tried many different approaches and discover they are selecting random variables which are causing consistent delays and not solving the problem. What should you advise the team to do next?CorrectIncorrect
The Ishikawa is best used to determine the root cause of the issue, and from there you can focus your attention on the factors that could actually be causing the problem.
Question 91 of 200
During risk response planning, you are identifying options and determining actions to reduce threats to your project. Your sponsor is risk adverse and concerned with the current threshold and suggests that the project scope should be decreased to eliminate the risk. Which of the following best describes this risk response strategy?CorrectIncorrect
Risk avoidance involves changing some aspect of the project management plan to eliminate the risk altogether and reducing the scope of the project would be a good example of avoidance.
Question 92 of 200
You are managing a small construction project with multiple deliverables. Your EVM measures this project are as follows: PV= 30000; EV = 28000; AC = 26000. Which of the following describes the situation?CorrectIncorrect
CPI (EV/AC) is greater than 1, which shows the project is under budget and the SPI (EV/PV) is under 1, which means it is behind schedule.
Question 93 of 200
You are the project manager for a large aerospace publishing firm. You are overseeing a project to automate the process used to print the paper navigation and approach charts used by pilots. Since these airborne charts must be kept accurate, complete and up to date, quality is therefore a critical aspect and your team is checking the information being published in the Control Quality process for correctness. Which of the following would you not use?CorrectIncorrect
Cost of Quality is not used in Control Quality; it is a tool used in the Plan Quality Management process.
Question 94 of 200
You are the project manager for an architectural firm, and are currently assigned to manage a project to design a new office building for your company’s corporate headquarters. Your team is currently in the planning stage of the project and developing the Risk Management Plan. Which tool or technique of this process would you use to develop a framework for handling schedule and budgetary risks?CorrectIncorrect
Meetings, data analysis and expert judgment are the tools and techniques for developing the Risk Management Plan which is a required input to creating the Risk Register. Since you are still developing the plan for how to create the risk register, the remaining answer choices would only be used after the risks have been identified.
Question 95 of 200
You are the project manager for a defense contractor and are managing a project to upgrade the security software for a secure database. Your sponsor has requested the project team provide a precise cost estimate to complete the project. Based upon this criteria, which estimating technique would you use?CorrectIncorrect
The most accurate method is bottom-up estimating, which is what choice B describes. Choice A is used to establish a range of acceptable variation, choice C is describing parametric estimating and choice D is describing analogous estimating. Both Analogous and Parametric are expedient estimating methods but lack the accuracy of Bottom Up which is time consuming and expensive.
Question 96 of 200
You are managing a major network upgrade for your customer and the key software items have been installed and tested. There were some problems found which delayed the progress and the customer became concerned due to the cost overruns. Before installation could begin, the sponsor informed you that the project is terminated. To which of the following should you focus your attention?CorrectIncorrect
A project enters closure when it ends or is prematurely terminated before completion of all deliverables. The project manager should initiate project closure to document lessons learned, update records, create a final report, archive project documents and then release resources.
Question 97 of 200
You are the project manager of a time critical project and your team is in the process of identifying risks. You are concerned that the information you collect might be biased. A technique that helps keep bias out of data analysis and decision making is:CorrectIncorrect
The Delphi technique involves the anonymous collection of information from multiple sources in order to make an unbiased decision.
Question 98 of 200
Progressive elaboration is used in all of the following processes except for which one?CorrectIncorrect
Progressive elaboration is used in planning and the Control Schedule process is in the Monitor and Control process group.
Question 99 of 200
You have completed a major milestone in your project and you are now verifying that the product meets the specifications outlined in the project management plan. What process group are you in?CorrectIncorrect
Verification of deliverables occurs in the Control Quality process which is part of the Monitor and Control process group.
Question 100 of 200
What is an appropriate technique to use if you want to collect unbiased information from a group of subject matter experts?CorrectIncorrect
The Delphi technique involves the anonymous collection of information from multiple sources in order to make an unbiased decision.
Question 101 of 200
You are the project manager supervising the installation of new automation system for an auto manufacturer located in Germany and your team is validating the deliverables in order to obtain formal acceptance. All of the following statements are true concerning this process except for which one?CorrectIncorrect
Final acceptance for the new automation system must be in formal written format.
Question 102 of 200
Where would you document the escalation paths necessary to resolve issues that cannot be reconciled at a subordinate level?CorrectIncorrect
Communications Management Plan identifies how to handle escalations, glossary of terms, communications constraints and assumptions.
Question 103 of 200
Your sponsor has identified a need to update their manufacturing equipment to reduce defects and process downtime. The sponsor anticipates this project will fulfill their requirements, but states that the project budget cannot exceed $750,000 and that it must be completed within 90 days. They also indicate that no additional personnel will be allocated to this project other than those already assigned. As project manager, where would you document these initial project conditions?CorrectIncorrect
The cost and schedule limitations would initially be identified as constraints in the project charter.
Question 104 of 200
Which are important to address when determining each person’s role in the project team?CorrectIncorrect
Role, authority, responsibility, and competency are the four items listed in the resource management plan.
Question 105 of 200
You have been assigned to an ongoing construction project in the execution phase. While conducting your first team meeting, you discover there are lots of unresolved issues among the individual members. Which of the following would be the best option to resolve issues?CorrectIncorrect
Scheduling a facilitated workshop to specifically address these issues as a team first would be the best course of action to resolve these issues, build trust and maintain buy in within the team.
Question 106 of 200
Whose responsibility is it to ensure that all team members maintain professionalism and follow ethical behavior?CorrectIncorrect
The project management team leads the project team by setting the example for ethical behavior.
Question 107 of 200
A state agency has contracted your company to provide a claims system for government benefits. In the contract there is a clause that indicates that regulators can review your work processes and deliverables at any time without notice. This is an example of what?CorrectIncorrect
Inspections and Audits are used to verify and validate the quality of the deliverables to ensure they meet customer requirements.
Question 108 of 200
Which of the following statements about portfolios is correct?CorrectIncorrect
A collection of unrelated programs can constitute a portfolio.
Question 109 of 200
The objective of project management is focus on key activities that increase the likelihood that the project team meets its objectives in an effective and efficient manner. You are working with the project sponsor to set forth preliminary responsibilities in order to clearly articulate what is to be expected by project stakeholders. Which of the following would you not be responsible for?CorrectIncorrect
The project manager is responsible for predicting materials, equipment and work required for a project. Project performance should be a pre-defined requirement determined by the stakeholders and should fall within a specific set of parameters.
Question 110 of 200
Your company is contracted by a customer on a Cost-Plus-Incentive-Fee (CPIF) contract. The project is negotiated such that if the project comes in under budget the seller will receive 20% of the cost savings as an incentive. The targeted cost is $5,000,000 with a 10% fee. If the project comes in at $4,500,000, what would be the total value of the contract?CorrectIncorrect
The total value of the project is $5,100,000 broken down as follows: $5,000,000 + 10% fee (profit of $500,000) = $5,500,000. Since the project saved $500,000 in costs, the seller will receive an additional $100,000 (20% of $500,000) hence $5,000,000 – $500,000 in savings = $4,500,000 actual cost + $500,000 in fees = $5,000,000 + $100,000 incentive fee = $5,100,000.
Question 111 of 200
You have just been assigned to an ongoing project and your team is in the process of estimating activity durations. However, you discovered they have not yet identified or acquired any resources yet. If these estimates are used what could likely happen to the project schedule?CorrectIncorrect
Estimating activity durations before knowing the skill and experience levels of team members or the availability of physical resources will likely cause the schedule duration to change.
Question 112 of 200
While reviewing schedule performance you reference a chart indicating the number of hours a subject matter expert is working over the months they have been assigned to the project. Which tool are you using?CorrectIncorrect
Resource Histograms are used to track project performance over time.
Question 113 of 200
In quality management control chart thresholds are typically set to how many standard deviations?CorrectIncorrect
+ / – 3 sigma is the standard for project management which yields a 99.73% confidence factor.
Question 114 of 200
If you want to have multiple vendors bid on your contract, what is the best way to ensure that all vendors have the same information before submitting their bid?CorrectIncorrect
The best way to reach out and ensure all vendors receive the same information is to hold a bidder conference. This is not only an efficient use of time, but it also levels the playing field by ensuring no bidders gain an unfair advantage over their competition as they will now receive the same information at the same time without any bias.
Question 115 of 200
You are the project manager on a project that is scheduled to take one year. Five months into the project, you calculate the EV at $145,000 and the PV at $135,000. Which option below represents the value for SV?CorrectIncorrect
SV = EV – PV or $145,000 – $135,000 = $10,000 under budget.
Question 116 of 200
You recently discovered that a co-worker in your company, who is a close personal friend, is not disclosing all of the costs involved with an upcoming project. Instead, this person is constructing a WBS that does not include all the work packages necessary to complete the project. What should you do next?CorrectIncorrect
The first thing you should always do is try to resolve issues like this among yourselves. By working with your co-worker, you may be able to avoid a serious conflict. If they refuses to change the WBS, you have a responsibility to go to stakeholders and voice your concerns.
Question 117 of 200
The Notice of Proposed Rule Making comment period has passed and a new government regulation has recently gone into effect that will require a complete revision of your organizations quality policy. For the project to move forward and be in compliance with the new regulation, what should you do first?CorrectIncorrect
Regulations require mandatory compliance so the change clearly needs to be made and creating a change request would be the next step.
Question 118 of 200
You are managing a project to automate a critical manufacturing process for your company. Your team is developing the Procurement Management Plan and reviewing new advances in automation technologies along with supplier capabilities to assess whether a product or service is available. Which tool or technique would you use?CorrectIncorrect
Market research involves examining industry and vendor capabilities to identify if the desired product or service is available in the marketplace. It is a tool and technique of Plan Procurement Management.
Question 119 of 200
While you are in the process of acquiring project team members, the customer tells you that they want this project to be assigned to a specific consultant because the consultant has already worked on a previous project. You also find this person mentioned in the project charter. Under which Acquire Resources tool and technique does this situation fall?CorrectIncorrect
This is the case where the specific consultant is pre-assigned to the project. This normally happens when the project depends upon the expertise of a specific person or persons.
Question 120 of 200
Your company has assigned you to manage a construction project to build a new road through a wilderness area and your team has identified the potential risk that an environmental group will attempt to delay the project. As you begin performing the project work, you learn that this group plans to escalate their efforts. You then direct your team review all potential risk events to analyze how they may be impacted by their probability for success. Which of the following best describes what you are doing?CorrectIncorrect
Risk re-assessment involves reviewing the various risk events to determine whether their probability or impact has changed since your initial assessment calculated during planning.. This is an important technique of control risks, and should be performed regularly throughout the project.
Question 121 of 200
You are planning your procurements and must identify a seller to perform demolition and other high rick activities for your project. Unfortunately, there seems to be a limited number of sellers in your immediate area who are capable of performing the work, and thus your options severely limited. Under these conditions, which of the following would be used to ensure you get the maximum number of responses to your Invitation For Bid?CorrectIncorrect
You are Conducting Procurements which may employ advertisements in newspapers, internet, radio etc. to help reach a broader group of potential sellers. Bidders conferences need to be scheduled in advance to ensure maximum participation and advertising will identify the date, time and location for the conference. Source selection analysis and market research are tools and techniques of Plan Procurement Management.
Question 122 of 200
You are the project manager for a large bank. You are currently managing a project to provide credit and debit card based payment processing services and your team is in the norming stage of the Tuckmann ladder. Which of the following leadership styles would the project manager share problems with team members and formulate solutions as a group?CorrectIncorrect
The consensus leadership style is where the project manager shares problems with team members and formulates solutions as a group.
Question 123 of 200
As the project manager on a software implementation project, you realize your team has completed all the necessary exit criteria for the deliverables of the project. The sponsor requests a timeframe on how long it will take to perform administrative closure. When should you conduct administrative closure?CorrectIncorrect
Administrative closure activities should be carried out during the Close Project or Phase process at the completion of each phase of a project, and at the completion of the project itself. Contract closure occurs during the Control Procurements process.
Question 124 of 200
You are managing a project to develop a new medical device and just completed planning with an approved Project Management Plan. You then direct the project team to begin executing the work required to complete the deliverables. Which of the following is not a part of the Executing process group?CorrectIncorrect
Validate Scope is a part of the Monitoring and Controlling process group.
Question 125 of 200
The sponsor has been concerned about the quality issues encountered on the project and is requesting information on project schedule performance over the last 3 weeks. Which of the following would you not use?CorrectIncorrect
Control charts are used to identify and document variations in a given process, but would not typically be used when reviewing overall project progress over time. The remaining choices would be helpful in showing overall project progress.
Question 126 of 200
Which process ensures that assigned resources are available as planned?CorrectIncorrect
Control Resources is the process that ensures that the physical resources assigned and allocated to the project are available as planned after they have been acquired. There is no Manage Resources process.
Question 127 of 200
You have just been assigned to a project that is halfway through the planning process for a customer who is cost conscience. Upon reviewing the Project Management Plan you discover that the activities list and project schedule network diagram were based on the project scope statement and the baselines have not been completed. In addition, the customer is demanding to know schedule and budget will be completed. As project manager, what should you do next?CorrectIncorrect
Since the previous project manager based the activity list and project schedule network diagram off the project scope statement, the WBS must not have been created which is a critical component of the scope baseline. The scope baseline is a required input to creating the schedule and budget so it will need to be created first.
Question 128 of 200
Your project requires a subject matter expert, but there is no one in your organization with the skills and knowledge required to complete the task. Which of the following should you employ in this circumstance?CorrectIncorrect
Acquisition is the act of obtaining from outside the organization the expertise and skills needed to complete the project.
Question 129 of 200
You are the project manager overseeing the development of a new vaccine. Your team is performing structured independent reviews to ensure compliance with the strict FDA quality requirements. Which of the following best describes the purpose of this process?CorrectIncorrect
The process described is Manage Quality which audits the Control Quality process to ensure the proper inspection procedures were followed and that the results meet the quality standards specified within the acceptance criteria.
Question 130 of 200
As the project manager for a major bicycle manufacturer and are in the process of monitor and controlling project work. You team is collecting, analyzing and reporting this information to stakeholders to keep them informed of the projects progress based upon their level of influence and interest. How does project reporting differ from work performance reports?CorrectIncorrect
Project reporting is the act of collecting and distributing the work performance information/reports.
Question 131 of 200
You and your team have just been assigned to a new project to update the electrical system on a 100 year old office building. The project is subdivided into multiple sequential and overlapping phases each requiring specific skills and equipment. From past experience you recognize that identifying stakeholder needs early is critical to project success. Which of the following is not true concerning stakeholders?CorrectIncorrect
Choice C is not true because stakeholders can be external to the organization i.e. customer, client, contractor, consultant etc.
Question 132 of 200
What process would be used to make sure that the skills, experience, expertise and lessons of the project team and other stakeholders can be used before, during and after the project?CorrectIncorrect
The process of Manage Project Knowledge is used to make sure that the skills, experience, expertise and lessons of the project team are available as needed.
Question 133 of 200
You have been assigned to manage an already ongoing project to develop a GPS receiver for a company that does not have this capability. You just discovered the project is two weeks behind schedule and well under budget. After calculating the estimate at completion (EAC), you find that the project will be $375,000 under budget, but is expected to take three weeks longer than expected. What should you do next?CorrectIncorrect
Professional and social responsibility requires that a Project Manager report accurate and truthful information for goods and services provided. The time delay should be reported.
Question 134 of 200
You have just been assigned to a large international project that employs team members that are geographically disbursed, During the kick off meeting you find that many team members don’t really know their colleagues or their respective roles and feel that the project may be delayed as a result. You recognize that co-location and team building activities are not an option due to the geographic disbursement of the team. What would be the best option to address this situation?CorrectIncorrect
A team directory identifies team members, their roles, and relevant communication information which would provide the best option for solving the problems outlined.
Question 135 of 200
You are managing a construction project and your team in the process of identifying risks. The data-gathering techniques of this process include all of the following except?CorrectIncorrect
The data-gathering techniques for the Identify Risks process are brainstorming, checklists and interviews. Assumption and Constraint Analysis is a data analysis.
Question 136 of 200
You are conducting a meeting with 12 members and need updates from each individual to coordinate next week’s agenda. Everyone on the team needs to understand each other’s role in order to identify what interactions need to take place. One person is controlling the conversation by not letting others speak and interrupting others when they do and three others are having their own discussion on the side. Because of this, you’ve had to repeat many of this information which caused the meeting to exceed its allotted time. Which of the following would be least helpful in this situation?CorrectIncorrect
Allowing the team to do as they want does not promote effective stakeholder engagement or time management The remaining choices should provide the direction needed to avoid this in the future.
Question 137 of 200
You are the project manager on a research and development project developing a next generation photon propulsion device for spacecraft and the team just completed the WBS. Being first to produce this ground breaking new technology is time critical so you instruct your team to focus on planning near term activities using the most current information available. Your team will then plan next quarter’s activities using forecasts with the intent of making the necessary changes later during execution as more information becomes available and assumptions are tested. As project manager, which technique are you directing your team to use?CorrectIncorrect
You are in the Define Activities process and the technique described is rolling wave planning, which is a form of progressive elaboration. Decomposition has already been performed and neither alternatives analysis nor progressive elaborations are tools and techniques of this process.
Question 138 of 200
You are the project manager in a weak matrix organization. You were just notified by the functional manager that a key resource will be unavailable to perform an activity on your Critical Path. What should you do next?CorrectIncorrect
Discussing the importance of the situation is the best answer in this situation. Every effort should be made to develop a solution first before contacting the Sponsor or revising the Schedule Baseline.
Question 139 of 200
You are completing the procurement statement of work and for an RFP that will be sent to a list of qualified sellers. From past experience, you know that there are several sellers capable of completing the work, but you are constrained by a tight schedule with limited resources. What should be your next course of action?CorrectIncorrect
Limited time and resources imply constraints in inviting and evaluating potential sellers. By limiting the process to those sellers on the approved sellers list and limiting the scope of work, you can expedite the work effort to fit within the schedule constraint.
Question 140 of 200
You are project manager for a multi-year infrastructure construction project. While performing and audit you discover one company with whom the project hired has failed to meet its contractual obligations. What should you review first before determining a course of action?CorrectIncorrect
Agreement terms and conditions will often prescribe procedures for closing out a particular procurement, and should be consulted first as they are binding once both parties sign the contract.
Question 141 of 200
As part of procurement activities, you are negotiating with a seller for providing computer hardware for your project. Time is of very high importance but you have a limited budget, and the seller knows this. What is your best negotiating strategy under these circumstances?CorrectIncorrect
Focusing the negotiation on seller’s profit margin will deter the seller from increasing the cost of the product. Since the seller knows that buyer has time and budget constraints, buyer can negotiate the profit margins with the seller.
Question 142 of 200
After performing Earned Value Analysis you determine that the project is behind schedule. You have a deadline that cannot be pushed out and must complete the project by the project float date. You decide to fast-track the schedule but inform management that this could result in which of the following?CorrectIncorrect
Fast tracking can increase risk and could also result in re-work due to the fact that you’re performing sequential activities in parallel.
Question 143 of 200
As project manager, you have scheduled a team meeting to find solutions to items documented in the issues log. During this meeting, discussions become heated when one of your key stakeholders demands to know when their specific requirements will be met. Which technique would be the best option to address these stakeholders needs while keeping the meeting on point?CorrectIncorrect
The issues log is a key input to the Manage Team process and this is where team issues are resolved and it is one of your priorities is to develop and maintain a high performing team. Negotiation, team building and training are tools and techniques of the Develop Team process.
Question 144 of 200
A project manager is concerned about a significant number of defects discovered during the pre-delivery inspection of the deliverables. What should the project manager do first?CorrectIncorrect
Any improvements to quality should start with addressing the root cause of the problem first and then finding a solution.
Question 145 of 200
You are a project manager who is having problems with one of your team members. You have assigned activities which provided him with an opportunity to expand his knowledge; however he did not finish some assigned tasks on time, which created friction within the team and delays within the project. When questioned, he complained that he did not have the respect of the team. As the project manager, you should:CorrectIncorrect
As project manager, we must understand that the goal(s) assigned to Jim were not something he was capable of completing in the given time. Therefore it is best that we understand and work to repair the damage caused to his self-esteem as a result of her not being able to complete the work. Only then can we build a high performing team.
Question 146 of 200
During a progress review you realize that your project is behind schedule. The team is discussing alternatives to compress the schedule. Who is responsible for resolving this situation?CorrectIncorrect
The project manager is responsible and ultimately accountable for resolving problems on the project.
Question 147 of 200
Performance measurements are a tool and technique of the Control Schedule process. Which of the following measurements would you use to determine the current status of the schedule baseline?CorrectIncorrect
All of the choices except A have components that are used in the Control Cost process. When earned value analysis (EVA) is utilized, the schedule variance (SV) and schedule performance index (SPI) are used to assess the magnitude of schedule variations.
Question 148 of 200
The customer has requested a quick but costly product change. After reviewing the effectiveness of the change, you determine that no funds have been included for this change. What should you do next?CorrectIncorrect
Before changes can be implemented, a change request must be approved by the change control board. Since the change will be quick, the schedule should be fine however, since it will be costly, a change request must be submitted and approved for the additional funds required by the change. Risk reserves set aside for known unknowns are called Contingency Reserves and for the unknown unknowns, Management Reserves. The CPI has nothing to do with the question.
Question 149 of 200
Two of your team members disagree as to when they should start a particular activity on their project. One wants to wait 5 weeks but the other wants to start immediately. Rather than discussing it further, they both agree to start the activity in 3 weeks. What conflict resolution technique was used?CorrectIncorrect
Compromise deals with finding solutions that bring some degree of satisfaction to both parties, but both parties must give something up.
Question 150 of 200
When analyzing and inspecting quality for a project, you realize you need to document using a tool that provides a creative way of analyzing the potential causes of a problem. Which tool would you use?CorrectIncorrect
The Cause and Effect, Ishikawa or Fishbone diagram would be the most useful to determine and document the root cause of a problem.
Question 151 of 200
You are assigned as project manager overseeing the installation of a new customer support telephone system. Two key stakeholders are requesting changes that each says should take priority over the other. The Change Management Plan states that you have the authority to approve these changes yourself without consulting the Change Control Board. What should you do next?CorrectIncorrect
It is the Project Managers responsibility to prioritize change requests prior to submission for approval making answer choice 2 the only proactive decision making response.
Question 152 of 200
You are dealing with multiple requests for some minor project related changes, however, some may have a greater impact if implemented. To ensure that the appropriate body is approving each of the various change requests, you would consult with which of the following?CorrectIncorrect
The change control system which is defined in the project management plan, outlines how changes to project related documentation will be approved and implemented.
Question 153 of 200
You are in charge of a project to implement new software for an important client who is risk adverse and time sensitive. Upon further analysis, it is determined that the project has a CPI of 1.16 and that a critical path activity has an EF of 23 days and a LF of 18 days. The client is requesting an immediate status update on schedule performance. What will you tell them and what would you do next?CorrectIncorrect
Float is determined by EF – LF. Any delays along the critical path will result in negative float indicating the project is behind schedule which must be corrected. With a CPI > 1, the project is under budget and crashing would be the best option.
Question 154 of 200
You’ve been assigned to a project midstream and determine that the CPI is 1.3 and the SPI is 0.7. Based on this information, you decide to take corrective action on which of the following?CorrectIncorrect
CPI is greater than one so cost is not something to worry about. SPI is less than one, so choice A is the correct answer.
Question 155 of 200
Your EVM measures on a software development project are: actual cost (AC); $28,000, planned value (PV) $33,000 and earned value (EV) $31,000… What is the status of your project?CorrectIncorrect
The CPI (EV/AC) is greater than 1, which shows the project is under budget and the SPI (EV/PV) is under 1, which indicates that the project is behind schedule.
Question 156 of 200
You are the project manager responsible for developing a new web site. The project is behind schedule so you decide to take corrective action by adding additional resources to the critical path. This is an example of which of the following?CorrectIncorrect
Crashing involves adding additional resources to the critical path activities to reduce the project duration.
Question 157 of 200
Your project has been experiencing many delays due to a union strike causing a lack of human resources. After months of negotiations, the labor dispute has been resolved and you will have the required resources to finish the project. Which formula would determine what the project will likely cost upon completion?CorrectIncorrect
If past results are not expected to continue, the correct EAC formula is AC + (BAC -EV).
Question 158 of 200
You have recently taken over a project after the previous project manager retired. While reviewing the project information, you find out that cost variances are very large and are operating on a tight schedule which cannot be extended. To provide a realistic basis for cost performance measurement, you should recommend:CorrectIncorrect
In this case, you have no choice but to request an increase to the cost baseline. This will provide a meaningful basis for measuring your cost performance going forward.
Question 159 of 200
You are attempting to estimate the resources required to install the mainframe in the new data center you are building. While analyzing data, it has occurred to you that you may be able to shorten the schedule if you look at using individuals who have worked on this make and model in the past with the correct factory tooling. What type of resource estimating tool or technique are you using?CorrectIncorrect
Alternative Analysis assists decision-making in situations by comparing multiple potential solutions in the context of a specific problem, design goal, or policy objective.
Question 160 of 200
You are the project manager on a medical research project which is in the planning phase. You carefully gathered all your requirements from your key stakeholders and just completed both the system and project requirements specification documents. While updating the project team, a stakeholder is inquiring about the duration estimates for each activity. What is the best response to this stakeholder’s question?CorrectIncorrect
Scope definition, WBS creation, Activity definition, and Activity sequencing must be done before estimating durations
Question 161 of 200
The Project Sponsor is providing a project update to key stakeholders. During the meeting, you observe that many of the stakeholders are busy checking and replying to their emails. Which of the following is the best action that could have eliminated this issue?CorrectIncorrect
A meeting ground rule on active listening would require the stakeholders to participate and respond back to the speakers questions. Code of conduct rules are general in nature and may not be specific enough to address this problem and establishing an agenda won’t prevent it either if the ground rules are not enforced.
Question 162 of 200
You are conducting procurements and are authorized to approve expenditures up to $15,000. For the last 3 weeks you have been negotiating the terms and pricing of a contract with a vendor and negotiations have been very difficult. You need to keep costs as low as possible and a coworker suggests you tell the vendor you can only approve expenses up to $10,000 as a way to meet this objective. What do you do?CorrectIncorrect
Do not follow the coworker’s advice as this violates PMI’s Code of Ethics and Professional Responsibility.
Question 163 of 200
What does it mean if the Earned Value is equal to Actual Cost?CorrectIncorrect
There is no cost variance if the value of the work equals the actual cost. Under these conditions, the project is on budget and the variance is zero.
Question 164 of 200
Which of the following is not a part of the six-step problem-solving model?CorrectIncorrect
The six problem solving steps are identify the problem, determine the root cause of the problem, identify alternative solutions, select a solution, implement the solution, evaluate the outcome of the solution.
Question 165 of 200
Which of the following activities fall under the planning process group but not under Schedule Management?CorrectIncorrect
Developing a detailed description of the project and product being developed falls under scope management.
Question 166 of 200
While going through a list of candidates to be hired for your team, you find that a family member is one of the short listed candidates. While reviewing the short listed resumes, you realize that they have similar qualifications and management is requesting you forward the names of all qualified personnel in order to make a decision. What should you do next?CorrectIncorrect
Forward all of the resumes as this is what you were instructed to do. This is not a conflict as long as you are not the one making the hiring decision.
Question 167 of 200
A quality audit should be:CorrectIncorrect
An audit is a structured and independent review.
Question 168 of 200
Change requests often include corrective action and preventive actions which are primarily used for what purpose?CorrectIncorrect
Maintaining project performance against the baselines is crucial to maintaining the schedule, budget and preventing scope creep.
Question 169 of 200
A project manager has decided to use a decision tree to make a build or upgrade analysis. The build requires an investment of $200 M. On the build decision branch, there is a 60% probability of strong demand yielding revenue of $600 M and a 40% probability of weak demand yielding a revenue of $400 M. What is the expected monetary value (EMV) of the build?CorrectIncorrect
$600M X 60% = $360M – $200M in costs = ($160M) + $400M X 40% = $160M – $200M = (-$40M) = $120M
Question 170 of 200
You are managing an aerospace project to build drones for the military and you are getting pressure to deliver the project within your baselines due to schedule constraints. A key component has been delayed due to a parts shortage which is a risk that was not accounted for. You need to determine how your project is performing and report back to your sponsor in order to request additional funding, as needed. Your project has a CPI of 0.85, SPI of .83 and TCPI = 1.18. Which of the following best describes this situation?CorrectIncorrect
A CPI of 0.85 shows that for every dollar spent we are getting only .85 cents worth of completed work. To complete performance index (TCPI) is a projection of cost performance that must be achieved on the remaining work with the remaining resources to meet a specified management goal such as the BAC or the EAC.
Question 171 of 200
Your company signed an agreement with a seller. At the end of the project, the seller was reimbursed for the cost of the project, but only received a small fee based on the subjective performance criteria specified in the contract. What type of contract does this describe?CorrectIncorrect
Cost Plus Award Fee (CPAF) contracts reimburse the sellers costs but their fee is entirely based upon certain criteria specified in the contract being met.
Question 172 of 200
A key stakeholder wants to understand a project milestone and the steps necessary to reach it. Which of the following is a useful tool for contingency planning that aids a team in anticipating intermediate steps that could prevent them from achieving project goals?CorrectIncorrect
Process decision program charts (PDPC) are designed to help prepare contingency reserves in risk management.
Question 173 of 200
You are planning a network database project that will be relocating the mainframe to a new data center. Members of your team have various ideas regarding how this can be done, but they cannot reach a bias free consensus. You have decided to send out a blind questionnaire to get their views and risks on the project and then summarize them in order to reach a consensus. What type technique is being used?CorrectIncorrect
The Delphi Technique involves collecting questionnaires from stakeholders anonymously in order to make unbiased project decisions while maintaining team buy in.
Question 174 of 200
What are the three components that make up the scope baseline?CorrectIncorrect
The scope baseline is comprised of the WBS, WBS Dictionary and the Project Scope Statement.
Question 175 of 200
You are assigned as project manager on a large aerospace project. The team is in the process of making a small procurement decision and plan to go with a simple purchase order. However, you have doubts concerning the scope of their authority. What should you do next?CorrectIncorrect
You would need to verify the policy constraints before making any purchases or contractual commitments to include decisions involving project funding.
Question 176 of 200
Your customer has offered a large incentive payment for completing their project by a certain date. However, as the project manager, you know the project will take approximately 3 weeks longer than currently scheduled. Your supervisor is insisting that you to do whatever it takes to finish the project by that date, even if it means fast tracking certain quality related processes which will substantially increase risk. What should you do first?CorrectIncorrect
Explain to both your manager and the project stakeholders the impact that this schedule change could have on the project in order to maintain their buy in.
Question 177 of 200
You are assigned to an already ongoing R & D project. While reviewing the project documentation, you found the project charter was signed by 6 different sponsors. What should you do first?CorrectIncorrect
Identifying a single sponsor which will minimize potential conflicts over the project lifecycle.
Question 178 of 200
You are working for a chemical industry and senior management proposed two different projects to manufacture Toluene for commercial use. After doing financial analysis, the financial advisors provided the following statistics about the projects. Project-1: 60% probability of success with a profit of $600,000 and 20% probability of failure with a loss of $300,000; Project-2: 50% probability of success with a profit of $900,000 and 30% probability of failure with a loss of $500,000; Based on the information which project would you choose?CorrectIncorrect
Project-1 has a positive EMV ($600,000 X 60% = $360,000) + (-$300,000 X 20% = -$60,000) of $300,000. Project-2 EMV is also a positive ($900,000 X 50% = $450,000) + (-$500,000 X 30% = -$150,000) = $300,000.
Question 179 of 200
Your project has experienced numerous delays due to unseasonable weather conditions and the sponsor has requested status update for the project. Which of the following outputs could be used to determine the true progress of a project?CorrectIncorrect
Work performance information (actual) are compared against the baselines (planned) and the degree of variance will determine how much the project is ahead or behind. Status reports don’t exist as an output of any process. Change requests do not reflect the progression of a project and work performance data is raw information that needs to be analyzed prior to being used in decision making.
Question 180 of 200
Your project involves the planning of a team building company BBQ for 300 employees. There is a risk that some of the employees will not come to the party. You decide to not take any action because the probability and impact if this occurs will be minimal. Which risk response strategy are you following?CorrectIncorrect
This is an example of an acceptance risk response strategy.
Question 181 of 200
You are the project manager for a large recycling facility. Your project consists of 4 phases and you are currently conducting a feasibility study. Which of the following best describes a feasibility study?CorrectIncorrect
A feasibility study in the above example is considered a phase deliverable.
Question 182 of 200
You are the project manager for a company who has been selected to construct a commercial kitchen for a large restaurant. Before the contract negotiations begin, the buyer confides in you that a statement of work has not been determined, but they stipulate you to begin work immediately with a design that has not yet been finalized. What would be the best type of contract to use under these conditions?CorrectIncorrect
When the scope of work has not being completely defined and they want you to begin work anyway puts the project at a higher risk. A time and materials contract shifts most of the risk back to the buyer.
Question 183 of 200
Jack is one of the top engineers within the company. Because of his proven track record, upper management assumes that he will be an excellent supervisor and promotes him to Project Manager. What type of power will Jack yield with his team?CorrectIncorrect
Positional (aka Formal, Legitimate or Authoritative) is the type of power based upon position or rank within an organization.
Question 184 of 200
You are managing a project that was recently closed out with the following earned value analysis metrics: CPI 1.0 SPI 0.88. Which of the following best describes the situation?CorrectIncorrect
A completed deliverable is not an accepted deliverable until the customer inspects and approves it during the Validate Scope Process. Therefore, if the project was closed out without an accepted deliverable then the project must have been terminated early during the execution phase.
Question 185 of 200
You are the project manager for a supplier who has been selected to bid on an irrigation system for a large orange juice company. During the bidder’s conference, the customer states that design is not finalized and they want to begin without a precise statement of work. What type of contract should you recommend?CorrectIncorrect
The key is that the scope of work is not completely defined and they want you to start work anyway. In that case, the project is at a higher risk, and a time and materials contract shifts much of that risk back to the customer.
Question 186 of 200
Your team must regularly hire a group of quality engineers to test the new systems. You are not sure how many times you will need to use the engineers, but you do know that the engineers are all located in Germany, charge a regular rate, and need to be paid in Euros. What kind of cost is this?CorrectIncorrect
This is a variable cost which varies depending on the exchange rates, the number of engineers, and how many times they are called upon.
Question 187 of 200
Depending on the contract terms and conditions, early termination of the contract may occur for all of the following except:CorrectIncorrect
Convenience is no reason for early termination of a contract.
Question 188 of 200
How is it possible for a particular risk to have a high impact score, but still have an overall low risk score?CorrectIncorrect
A risk can have a high impact score if it occurred, but also have an extremely low probability score, low chance of it happening, which would result in an overall low rating.
Question 189 of 200
You are the project manager for a large telecommunications project and just received a document containing the stakeholders’ communication requirements for the current project phase. Which document should you first update with this information?CorrectIncorrect
The stakeholder engagement plan outlines stakeholder communication requirements based upon their level of influence and interest. The communications management plan on the other hand outlines how we communicate with them.
Question 190 of 200
You are working on a time critical project and decide to use the activity durations from similar projects have been completed in the past. Which estimating technique have you used?CorrectIncorrect
Analogous Estimating (aka Top Down) is the technique described.
Question 191 of 200
A construction project requires that permits be issued prior to site preparation. What type of a dependency is this?CorrectIncorrect
Permits are issued by government agencies making this an External Dependency.
Question 192 of 200
You are overseeing the construction of a large resort which includes an 20 story hotel, 3 swimming pools, 2 golf courses and state of the art fitness center. These projects are overlapping and each is managed individually by senior members of your team. Which of the following best describes this situation?CorrectIncorrect
You are managing a program as all of the various projects are directly related.
Question 193 of 200
Customer satisfaction should be managed throughout the project lifecycle but always be measured at the end of the project. Which of the following would not be considered a customer satisfaction metric?CorrectIncorrect
Customer satisfaction can be measured through scope validation or meeting the customer’s criteria and by producing a quality product. Customer satisfaction isn’t always about making money; it’s possible for a client or customer to be satisfied with the not-for-profit projects deliverable.
Question 194 of 200
You are managing a software development project and most key software components have been developed and tested. The quality control department found many bugs which have caused various delays. Key stakeholders became dissatisfied due to the cost overruns and before user acceptance testing took place the sponsor informed you that the project has been terminated. What will you do first?CorrectIncorrect
When a project is prematurely terminated, the project manager should initiate project closure by stopping work, obtain feedback, document lessons learned, prepare a final report, update and archive records, close contracts and release resources.
Question 195 of 200
You are managing a project oriented team which is in the middle of the execution phase of a software implementation for an important customer. Steve, one of your team leaders has scheduled an informal internal meeting with you verify the functionality and progress to date. An influential stakeholder heard about it and insisted on attending despite your suggestion to create a more formal demonstration for them next week. During the meeting, the stakeholder became increasingly dissatisfied with the manner in which the meeting was progressing and disbanded it. In order to prevent this situation in the future, what should you do first?CorrectIncorrect
Establishing ground rules and expectations in advance are critical to maintaining an orderly meeting. The agenda of the meeting can change the ground rules should not.
Question 196 of 200
You are part of a subject matter expert committee deciding which project should be implemented by your company. Your committee asks tough questions from the project teams and helps decide which project your company should select. Which project selection technique are you using?CorrectIncorrect
Murder board is a process where a committee plays devil’s advocate and asks difficult questions from project representatives as part of the project selection process.
Question 197 of 200
The Identify Stakeholders process is an initiating process. At this stage, which of the following organizational process assets is the most crucial input to this process?CorrectIncorrect
Lessons learned from previous projects.
Question 198 of 200
You are one of the Project Managers for the Baby-Boomer Retirement Community program. The scope of the project has been completed and you receive a request from a key stakeholder for a new heliport to be developed next to the on-site health facilities. What should you do next?CorrectIncorrect
As the scope of the project has been completed, the change must be approved by the Change Control Board if it to be implemented. Otherwise, additional work should be done as part of a new project.
Question 199 of 200
Your project involves constructing an office building. The project must be completed by May 3rd or your company will have to pay a weekly penalty of $10,000. This is an example of which of the following?CorrectIncorrect
The project must be completed by May 3rd, this is an example of a schedule constraint. A deadline is always a constraint. Requirements refer to product features that must be included within the deliverables in order to meet the acceptance criteria.
Question 200 of 200
Accepted deliverables will be used as inputs to which process group?CorrectIncorrect
Accepted deliverables is the key input to Process 4.7 Close Project or Phase. This is the only process that uses this as an input.